Malabar Mutton Biriyani -Thalassery Style

Malabar Mutton Biriyani -Thalassery Style
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Biriyani is one of royal dishes of malabar cuisine.For most important occasions like Eid , Weddings, Aqeeqa, House warming, the main course is the biriyani.No party in North Kerala is complete without serving this delicious dish. The usual accompaniments with this dish could be either of these: salads, cucumber raita, kochumber,mint chutney, pappadums or pickles.



Preparation time 30 minutes
Cooking time 1 hour
Serves 6


For the masala

Mutton/ Goat meat- 2 lbs
Red onions thinly sliced – 4 No
Tomatoes chopped – 3 No
Ginger crushed-    2 Tbsp
Garlic crushed-    2 Tbsp
Green chillies-    10 to 15 No
Garam masala powder-2 tsp
Pepper powder- 1 tsp
Yogurt – 1/2 cup
Mint leaves chopped- 1/2 cup
Coriander leaves (Cilantro) chopped- 1/2 cup
Salt     to taste
Vegetable oil-1 cup
Lime juice- 1 Tbsp

For the rice

Basmati rice or Rose rice- 3 cups
Cinnamon stick- 2 inch long
Cloves- 8 No
Cardamom- 10
Ghee- 3 Tbsp
Salt to taste
Boiling water- 4 1/2 cups

For garnish

White onions thinly sliced- 1 No




For the masala

1.Clean and cut the mutton into medium pieces. Wash and drain well.
2.Heat oil in a thick bottom pan and add the sliced onions and fry till it becomes translucent.
3.Add the crushed ginger-garlic  and slit green chillies.Saute for couple of minutes.
4.Add the tomatoes and let it cook until  softened.
5.Add the garam masala powder and pepper powder and saute till the oil starts to separate.
6.Add mutton pieces and mix well. Add salt, cover the pan with a lid and cook the mutton medium to well.
7.Add the curd,lime juice, half of the mint leaves and coriander leaves.
8.Remove the lid and let the mutton masala cook in to a  thick gravy.

For the rice

1.Clean the basmati rice and soak it in water for about 30 mins. Drain the rice in a colander/sieve and keep it aside.
2. Take an electric rice cooker, put the soaked rice, the whole spices, ghee, salt and boiling water. Follow the manual instructions for cooking the rice.
3.In most cookers, it should be done by 20 to 25 minutes.

For garnish

1.Heat oil in a non stick pan and fry the white onion slices in ghee or oil to golden brown.
2.Reduce the heat and add the cashew nuts to the pan. Stir fry the cashew nuts until golden brown.
3.Remove the cashew nuts and add the raisins to the pan. Stir until they plump up.
4.Remove and keep it aside with the fried onions and cashew nuts.

Steps for Dum cooking or Baking

1.Preheat the oven to 325 F or 180 C
2.Grease an oven proof dish with oil. Spread the rice and place  half of mutton masala over it. Sprinkle some fried onions, chopped mint and coriander leaves.
3.Spread some more rice and top it with the remaining mutton masala followed by fried onions, cashew nuts and raisins. Spread remaining rice over it.
4.Cover the dish with aluminium foil and then put the lid over it so that no vapour escapes out.
5.Bake for about 25 to 30 minutes.
6.Serve with coconut-mint chamanthi and kochumber.


Note: In Thalassery, there is a restaurant by name “PARIS” where this biriyani is typically prepared with rose rice from Darjeeling.